The Unexpected Cells Helping to Shape Young Brains – Neuroscience News

In Health


Summary: During brain development, oligodendrocyte precursor cells (OPCs) contribute to the neural pruning process, helping to shape the healthy development of the brain.

Source: CSHL

When the brain first wires itself up in early development, it creates more connections than it actually needs.

Some of these connections, or synapses, will transmit critical signals as young animals begin to sense their surroundings. Others will be eliminated as the brain matures.

Only those that the animal needs to understand and interact with the world are left.

Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL) Assistant Professor Lucas Cheadle and colleagues have discovered that cells called oligodendrocyte precursor cells (OPCs) contribute to this pruning process. This helps shape a healthy brain during early development.

Understanding this vital part of brain development may reveal new strategies for treating neurodevelopmental conditions like schizophrenia and autism spectrum disorder (ASD).

The discovery was sparked while using high-powered microscopes to examine the brains of adult mice. Cheadle’s team noticed that many OPCs were actively engulfing the connection points between neurons.

The team suspected the cells might be busy eliminating synapses that the brain did not need. Cheadle and his team wondered if OPCs did the same thing in younger brains. A young animal’s experiences have a particularly profound impact on shaping neural circuits during early development.

This shows the OPC cells
Cells called OPCs, colored green, help the brain fine-tune its neural circuits as young animals develop. They engulf and eliminate connections, colored purple, the brain doesn’t need. Understanding this process may inform new treatments for neurological disorders. Credit: Cheadle lab/Imaris software/CSHL, 2022

The researchers raised young mice in the dark. When the mice were first exposed to light, OPCs began engulfing synapses in response. The cells were operating in their brain’s vision-processing circuitry.

“OPCs seem to be especially poised to regulate brain connections associated with experiences,” Cheadle says. “These cells are very responsive to new experiences. They can take that information and use it to shape brain connections.”

Published in Nature Neuroscience, the Cheadle team’s discovery reveals an unexpected role for OPCs. Several kinds of cells help shape neural circuits by eliminating unnecessary connections. OPCs had previously only been known for producing cells that surround and support neurons.

Cheadle says, “This is a cell type that’s really poised to sort of serve as an intermediary between what’s going on in the world out there and what’s happening inside of our brains.”

Cheadle hopes this new information will help understand neurodevelopmental disorders better. He plans to investigate whether faulty OPC pruning plays a role in conditions like schizophrenia and ASD.

See also

This shows a fist

About this neurodevelopment research news

Author: Press Office
Source: CSHL
Contact: Press Office – CSHL
Image: The image is credited to Cheadle lab/Imaris software/CSHL, 2022

Original Research: Open access.
Oligodendrocyte precursor cells engulf synapses during circuit remodeling in mice” by Yohan S. S. Auguste et al. Nature Neuroscience


Abstract

Oligodendrocyte precursor cells engulf synapses during circuit remodeling in mice

Oligodendrocyte precursor cells (OPCs) give rise to myelinating oligodendrocytes throughout life, but the functions of OPCs are not limited to oligodendrogenesis.

Here we show that OPCs contribute to thalamocortical presynapse elimination in the developing and adult mouse visual cortex. OPC-mediated synapse engulfment increases in response to sensory experience during neural circuit refinement.

Our data suggest that OPCs may regulate synaptic connectivity in the brain independently of oligodendrogenesis.



Read More: The Unexpected Cells Helping to Shape Young Brains – Neuroscience News

Join Our Newsletter!

Love Daynight? We love to tell you about our new stuff. Subscribe to newsletter!

You may also read!

Curfews, bag searches, early closures: Miami Beach is done with spring break

MIAMI BEACH, Fla. (AP) — Miami Beach is trying to break up with spring break, but it’s not

Read More...

Goldman says the bear market for battery metal prices is far from over

The Albermarle Corp. lithium processing facility in Antofagasta, Chile, on Saturday, March 2, 2024.Bloomberg | Bloomberg | Getty

Read More...

Leave a reply:

Your email address will not be published.

https://pakalertpress.com/
https://ilmukomunikasi.uad.ac.id/
https://espotting.com/
https://espanahijos.com/
https://32sing.com/
https://dolmie.com/
https://prime.edu.pk/blogs/
https://topfroosh.com/
https://zmart.hk/
https://techfat.com/
https://shop.drdavidgilpin.com/
https://hotelarjuna.com/
https://venec.mk/
https://russellandcosolicitors.co.uk/
https://blumnico.com/
https://penzonerealty.com/
https://luxuriousrentz.com/
https://gadgeto.gr/
https://myidlyrics.com/
https://javachatpodcast.com/
https://thefarmwifelife.com/
https://essentialblackmedia.com/
https://dominicandreamgirl.com/
https://menstruationstassen-test.com/
https://b4uage.com/
https://kulikovart.ru/
https://vignet.net/
https://foodfusionhk.com/
https://neubau-immobilie-leipzig.de/
https://changelifeorganization.org/
https://famousstoreis.com/
https://preschoolcurriculum.in/
https://elmotorista.com.gt/
https://topproductsbasket.net/
https://ttg.com.ar/
https://cacciamotorworx.com/
https://afelleclothing.com/
https://allindiastrengthwars.in/
https://geze.com.ua/
https://sportmatchcoaching.com/
https://psiquiatraenprovidencia.cl/
https://uvasi.ru/
https://rocherocean.fr/
https://travel.savings.org/
https://theusaage.com/
https://crazytraveldeal.com/
https://vegaviral.com/
https://maxtorcpro.com/
https://losafoods.com/
https://saltandpepperideas.com/
https://mycrimea.online/
https://rusmetgroup.ru/
https://runwithyourheart.site/
https://laidegoldskinclinic.com/
https://fuelpumpexpress.com/
https://flughafen-taxi-muenchen.com/
https://2z25.com/
https://toshow.us/
https://cprnabzino.com/
https://apologetics.ro/
https://puppiesanimals.com/
https://grandkozmetik.mk/
https://afrilandforexboard.com/
https://virtusmurano.com/
https://henyodigital.com/
https://threeriversmedicalgroup.com/
https://skynetsolutions.co.in/
https://chiapow.com/
https://painfulparenting.com/
https://joyasvalldor.com/
https://juliansrecipes.com/
https://flockgear.life/
https://mold.maqopt.com.br/
https://shopmygear.com/
https://richiptv.com/
https://s3webservices.tech/
https://versatilecommunication.com/
https://anhduongcompany.vn/
https://tonyslavin.com/
https://bestcardiologistnashik.in/
https://jeansjourney.us/
https://latisanery.com/
https://svelaluxury.it/
https://texascovid.com/
https://gameofprint.de/
https://dogbecat.com/
https://desingdad.shop/
https://edeyselldigitals.com/
https://currentnewstv.in/
https://lynxlolerservices.co.uk/
https://babycar.in/
https://theonenews.in/
https://inhawellness.com/
https://veganscure.com/
https://evergreenpharmaceuticals.co.uk/
https://proconsultant.tech/
https://bajahighland.com/
https://gailelaine.com/
https://metatoursae.com/
https://processthink.co.uk/
https://toytrucks.com.ph/login/
https://baizelshoecare.co.za/
https://kmh-tea.com/
https://dupsrl.shop/
https://quickbooktravles.com/
https://inland.website/
https://cryptoswaptrade.com/
https://saudepreciosa.com/
https://hiremedubai.com/
https://myartsdesign.ru/
https://huntingsurvivors.com/
https://90s-shop.nl/
https://toffeehousesweets.com/
https://centrogaiaom.com/
https://itn-info.com/
https://amaronilogistics.eu/
https://discimus.com.br/
https://runoved.ru/
https://panmarketllc.com/
https://agapelux.com/
https://goodfix.ir/
https://snaptosign.com/
https://topnotchdealz.net/
https://mundoanimalperu.com/
https://mundoauditivo.com/
https://oncallorganicfood.com/
https://pdfhaifree.com/
https://skyfood.co.uk/
https://saudecomgontijos.site/
https://pickandgofurniture.com/
https://byassa.ma/
https://agelessbeautylaserskinspa.com/
https://theidealseo.com/
https://bangsatangiisuk.co.id/
https://bidkoin.id/
https://binausaha.my.id/
https://dev.iphi.or.id/
https://iphijateng.or.id/
https://iteso.co.id/
https://movieland.id/
https://rblogistics.co.id/
https://sanbuka.co.id/
https://shop2.sanbuka.co.id/
https://dyon.sanbuka.co.id/
https://shop.sanbuka.co.id/
https://zteindonesia.co.id/
https://battleforwhiteclay.org/
https://hugheshistoricdistrict.com/
https://levitation-vancouver.com/
https://roguewoodsupply.com/
https://the912-project.com/
https://urasenkeseattle.org/
https://mail.pagtickets.com.br/
https://lango.id/
https://blogs.astroanupmishrji.com/
https://blogs.epistylar.com/
https://dtp.bengkuluprov.go.id/
https://smkn2jiwan.sch.id/
https://dinkes.gresikkab.go.id/
Slot Thailand
PREDIKSI TOTO MACAU
Bet168
obat penggugur kandungan
obat aborsi
cytotec
https://slot-thailand.unfangin.ac.id/
https://lisinoprila.net/
https://acikyesil.bursa.bel.tr/uploads/user/2024-02-07-165051.008223index.html/
https://acikyesil.bursa.bel.tr/uploads/user/2024-02-07-165110.076263index.html/
https://acikyesil.bursa.bel.tr/uploads/user/2024-02-07-165130.736512index.html/
https://acikyesil.bursa.bel.tr/uploads/user/2024-02-07-165157.191111index.html/
https://acikyesil.bursa.bel.tr/uploads/user/2024-02-07-165216.562037index.html/
https://acikyesil.bursa.bel.tr/uploads/user/2024-02-07-165234.045869index.html/
sarangslot
sarangslot
https://lib.radenintan.ac.id/js/-/gacorx/
dewalive
https://datapusdataru.jatengprov.go.id/pilihpengadilan/star777/
https://datapusdataru.jatengprov.go.id/elementor/asiabet/
https://datapusdataru.jatengprov.go.id/elementor/dewa4d/
Slot Thailand
cytotec
akun pro malaysia
slot gacor 777
SINGASARITOTO
SINGASARITOTO
JUMBOTOTO
MAFIATOTO
KARTUTOTO
catering
ASUSTOGEL
BAIM4D
Bimabet
hujantoto
bet168
TOP1TOTO
TOP1TOTO
TOP1TOTO
TOP1TOTO
TOP1TOTO
TOP1TOTO
TOP1TOTO
TOP1TOTO
OKBTOGEL
OKBTOGEL
OKBTOGEL
OKBTOGEL
OKBTOGEL LOGIN
TOPJITU
KARTUTOTO
SINGASARITOTO
JIMBASLOT
HUJANTOTO
JUMBOTOTO
OMETOTO
JAYA4D
TOPJITU
KARTUTOTO
KARTUTOTO
MILO4D
MILO4D
TOP1TOTO